Be it monsoon or a random continuous rainy week; there is one complaint around the corner of the Indian households – Damaged walls due to dampness. It damages the home and is quite unhealthy for the people residing there. The damping on the walls also attracts pets, damaging the home’s woodwork. To get control over these loopholes while constructing the building is adequate Damp treatment. As it is said that precaution is better than the cure, a well-built waterproofing is just a precaution before water seeps through the rooftop, walls or floor.
‘Damp’ is a phrase that explains the wide range of issues linked with excess moisture. Damage is generally found on the home’s walls, ceilings or floors when a force of excessive water from outside in the way of windy rain makes its way into the house. And if the damp occurs in the household, the term is called ‘unwanted moisture.’
What are the various types of household dampness?
- Penetrating dampness occurs due to the external force of windy rain that damages the wall of buildings. Generally, building bricks are porous, and outside moisture soaks up rainwater to saturate the building wall.
- Rising dampness – This kind of dampness is rare and found in Indian households. Rising dampness occurs due to the rise of moisture from the ground level to the walls of the building by capillary action.
- Condensation dampness is one of the most commonly found in Indian households. Condensation dampness generally occurs when moist air is connected with walls, mirrors or windows, which are cold surfaces.
How to Avoid this Dampness in Home?
- A well-constructed damp treatment is required for this issue. Therefore, waterproofing of external walls and roof is a must.
The exterior paints used on the walls of the building are generally porous, which allows water to seep into the house. To discourage rainwater from seeping into the interior walls, a well-coated waterproofing of the exterior walls is needed. A waterproofing coat will be a barrier to the rainwater and moisture it creates.
Waterproofing is the ideal suggestion for damp household treatment. The terrace floor is open to weather changes. Therefore, water easily gets collected on the floor’s surface area, resulting in damp patches and leakages on the interior walls. So, while choosing a home, check whether rooftops have a waterproof coating that will discourage seepage of water and prevent acts as a sealant.
- There are wet patches close to the skirting of the lower wall.
A damp-proof course is a damp treatment to cease groundwater rising up to the walls of the house and cause wall seepage. In the damp proof course, a waterproof material (a barrier that stops the water pass on ) is constructed into the brick wall 150mm above the ground level, preventing groundwater rising problems during the monsoon season that causes wall damage.
There are some easy ways for an assured damp treatment as well, which needs to be followed on a routine basis to avoid the formation of dampness in interior walls:
Let Air Pass the Home Walls Regularly – Daily ventilation is essential to avoid any dampness complaint. Ensure to keep the doors and windows of the house open for at least 20 minutes every morning if there is no room for proper ventilation. Also, freshen the room after using the heater as it helps to avoid condensation and dampness in the house.
Use Low-emission Heaters – Avoid non-fuel or portable gas heaters at home. Instead, go for energy-efficient heaters.
Use Extractor Fans and Rangehoods – Ensure that the fans are big enough to pass on the air outside. The extractor fans should be regularly cleaned. And the placement of these fans or rangehoods shouldn’t be on the ceiling.
Always switch on your bathroom fan after a shower – During the bath, open the window an inch to keep the flow of air steady as the door remains locked. And after stepping out, ensure to keep the bathroom fan on for two to three minutes.
Try to Cover the Utensil with a Lid while Cooking – This will help prevent steam from escaping and leaving unseen moisture on the kitchen’s walls.
In winter, try to keep Distance between Walls and Furnitures – A gap of 10cm will prevent walls from mould (especially external ones).
Keep Wardrobes a bit Open – Air circulation prevents fabrics from mould.